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AQUILEGIA vulgaris (CLEMENTINE SERIES)

Image of Aquilegia vulgaris (CLEMENTINE SERIES)

Yoder Brothers

Family

Ranunculaceae

Botanical Name

AQUILEGIA vulgaris( CLEMENTINE SERIES)

Plant Common Name

Common Columbine

General Description

A compact habit and densely packed, double flowers characterize columbine in the Clementine Series. In early to late spring these dwarf perennials put forth masses of upward-facing, double, spurless blooms that may be red, white, purple, violet-blue, pink or salmon, depending on the cultivar. Three-parted, lobed leaves of soft green form a mound at the base of the plants.

Grow columbine in full sun to partial shade and fertile well-drained soil that’s evenly moist. The more sunlight the more important it is the soil has available moisture. They can be short-lived, but self-sow gently to replace themselves; though the seedlings are variable and will not come true to seed. Deadhead spent flowers immediately if you don’t want new plants to seed in.

Columbine flowers attract many pollinators. These deer resistant perennials are terrific for cottage or open woodland gardens and mixed flower borders. Dwarf selections like those in the Clementine Series are also great for containers.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    15"-18" / 38.1cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    12"-15" / 30.5cm - 38.1cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Red, Blue, Purple, Pink, Rose, Salmon, Blue Violet

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Sea Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Sea Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Sea Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes