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AQUILEGIA vulgaris var. flore-pleno

Image of Aquilegia vulgaris var. flore-pleno

Family

Ranunculaceae

Botanical Name

AQUILEGIA vulgaris var. flore-pleno

Plant Common Name

Common Columbine, Double-flowered Common Columbine

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Double flowered columbine are quite different in character than the traditional woodland perennials known for their large spurred flowers. This species Aquilegia vulgaris is a native of Europe fondly called granny’s bonnet, but the double flowered form is likely of garden origin. The foliage of doubles is the same as single flowered forms, bearing three part lobed leaves of soft blue-green that are more densely held at the base of the plant. The leaves bear a striking similarity in shape and texture to those of the maidenhair fern. Columbine is a vigorous early season performer but the delicate foliage can suffer in the late season, so it is often paired with other summer and fall bloomers.

These flowers are sometimes called clemaitflora resemble the pompom blooms of double clematis or dahlias. They vary in color featuring many hues from yellow to the deepest reds. These are held in bunches on fine branching wands that rise above the foliage. Dead-heading may extend its late spring to early summer season. Grow this columbine in full sun in the north, but they require partial to full shade further south. Provide fertile well-drained soil that’s evenly moist. Though technically a perennial, columbines can be short-lived, but they compensate by self-sowing. Their natural deer resistance makes them a lifesaver in woodland gardens and mountain communities. However, they are sufficiently elegant to fit into highbrow beds and borders too.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    12"-36" / 30.5cm - 91.4cm (24)

  • Width

    18"-18" / 45.7cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Red, Blue, Purple, Pink, Rose, Light Blue, Indigo, Blue Violet

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Blue Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Cutflower, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes