Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
Gerald L. Klingaman
East Indian Holly Fern, Indian Holly Fern , Simplicior Holly Fern
This attractive, fern produces broad triangular fronds directly from scaly creeping rhizomes (lateral stems). Indian holly fern is native to China and Japan and is found in a wide variety or habitats from dry uplands to moist stream banks.
Indian holly is clumping to spreading. The rhizomes scales are brown to tan and the leaf stalks green. The large triangular shiny leaves are evergreen in mild climates and deciduous in colder zones. They are two to three times divided with each pinna (the small leaflets of ferns) in pairs. Each small pinna is rounded to triangular and has slightly toothed margins. Texturally, the leaves are stiff to plastic-like and dark green. The selection ‘Variegata’ has yellow-green stripes on each side of the leaf stalks and is the most common Indian holly fern in cultivation. Fertile fronds produce small brown to tan sorus on the backs of the leaves which release an abundance of dust-like reproductive spores.
The fronds of this fern are valued for flower arrangements and the plants an easy to grow addition to the landscape. Plant Indian holly fern in partial sun to shade and rich, moist soil with average drainage. However this tough fern is adaptable to drier locations. Mulch the plantings to conserve moisture and protect the rhizomes in cold winters. Plant Indian holly fern as a pleasing groundcover for shade or in woodland gardens with other ornamentals for shady settings. It is a beautiful container specimen where not hardy. Every cutting garden should have a companion planting of this fern.
9 - 7
7 - 9
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Partial Shade, Full Shade
1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Dark Green, Burgundy
Cutflower, Dried Flower/Everlasting, Foundation, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall
Preferred Commerce. All Rights Reserved.