Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

ARBUTUS andrachne

Image of Arbutus andrachne

Family

Ericaceae

Botanical Name

ARBUTUS andrachne

Plant Common Name

Cyprian Strawberry Tree, Eastern Strawberry Tree, Greek Strawberry Tree

General Description

This large shrub or small tree is grown for its colorful bark, handsome evergreen foliage, white spring flowers, and orange-red fruits. Mature specimens have picturesque, gnarled branches and a vase-shaped to rounded habit. Arbutus andrachne is native to rocky slopes and outcroppings from southeastern Europe to northern Iraq.

The lustrous, leathery, oval leaves of Greek strawberry tree are dark green with pale green undersides. They are borne on sinuous, upright to spreading branches with flaking, reddish-tan and beige bark. Pendulous clusters of urn-shaped, creamy white flowers appear in late winter or spring, depending on the climate. The small, round, mealy-textured fruits ripen in autumn. They are edible but insipid.

Greek strawberry tree succeeds in full to partial sun and fertile, slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soil. It is quite drought tolerant once established. It does best in "Mediterranean" climates with dry warm summers and moist cool winters. Dry, windy winters can cause sun scald and desiccation. Greek strawberry tree is a good choice for seaside plantings and makes a lovely specimen plant for yard and garden. Plants cultivated under this name often belong to Arbutus × andrachnoides, the hybrid between A. andrachne and A. unedo.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10'-40' / 3.0m - 12.2m

  • Width

    10'-35' / 3.0m - 10.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Southern Europe, Mediterranean, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Orange, Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Purple, Salmon, Tan, Sandy Brown, Sienna, Ivory, Gray

  • Bark Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Edible, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No