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ARGYRANTHEMUM

Image of Argyranthemum

James H. Schutte

Family

Asteraceae

Botanical Name

ARGYRANTHEMUM

Plant Common Name

Argyranthemum, Marguerite Daisy

General Description

The tough shrubby Marguerite daisy is popular for both its beauty and resilience. The genus Argyranthemum is comprised of about 24 species of evergreen perennial subshrubs native to the Canary Islands, Madeira and other regions in Macaronesia. They are often grown as perennials in frost-free climates and bedding annuals in cooler zones.

The rounded bushy plants are spreading to erect and clump-forming. The leaves are generally deeply lobed or dissected, held alternately on the stem and emit a strong fragrance when crushed. The color varies from green to gray-green or deep blue green.

Daisy flowers are produced above the foliage singly or in loose clusters. They appear from late spring till frost or almost year-round in frost-free climates. The daisy centers are yellow and are surrounded by single or multiple rows of ray petals of white, yellow, rose-pink or apricot. Flowering subsides in very hot weather and deadheading will prolong the bloom period.

This easy-to-grow plant prefers full sun and moderately fertile garden soil with good drainage. Hardiness is species and cultivar dependent for these perennials. Regular light pruning will promote compact growth, increase flowering and provide cuttings for propagation. Plants are wind and salt tolerant.

Grow Marguerite daisies in containers, as a bedding plant, in perennial borders and cutting gardens for lovely, long-lasting color.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Canary Islands, Western Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Light Yellow, Pink, Rose, Peach

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Blue Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Blue Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Blue Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Blue Green, Gray Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan, Sandy Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes