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ARISAEMA dracontium

Image of Arisaema dracontium

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Araceae

Botanical Name

ARISAEMA dracontium

Plant Common Name

Green Dragon

General Description

Arisaema dracontium is a tuberous herbaceous perennial native to eastern North America. In mid-spring it bears a narrow, cupped, green spathe, from which a long yellowish green spadix protrudes like a dragon's tongue. A large compound leaf with 7 to 19 leaflets overtops the spathe and spadix. Bright red berries ornament the spadix in late summer and fall.

This plant prefers moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil and partial shade. It makes an excellent addition to the woodland garden.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 4

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 9

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    1'-4' / 0.3m - 1.2m (3)

  • Width

    12"-24" / 30.5cm - 61.0cm (18)

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Green

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No