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ARISTOLOCHIA gigantea

Image of Aristolochia gigantea

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Aristolochiaceae

Botanical Name

ARISTOLOCHIA gigantea

Plant Common Name

Brazilian Dutchman's Pipe, Giant Pelican Flower

General Description

Giant Dutchman's pipe is an evergreen tropical vine from Panama southward into South America regarded for its showy, unusually shaped flowers which occur from summer through early winter. The truly immense burgundy flowers have white and purple veining throughout and emit a pungent lemony scent to attract pollinating flies into its pouch. The throat of the uniquely curved, flared and tubular flower is yellow. The vine's large green leaves are heart-shaped.

Giant Dutchman's pipe is a very fast growing vine that needs heat and humidity to prosper. Grow it in full to partial sun in a fertile well-drained soil. This aggressive vine can be used to cover fences, pergolas, a large trellis or up into a large tree. Exotic and eerily magnificent, this vine can be overwintered indoors and enjoyed in outdoor patio containers in temperate climates.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    15'-35' / 4.6m - 10.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall, Late Fall, Early Winter

  • Native To

    Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Gold, Burgundy

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No