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ARUM italicum 'Marmoratum'

Image of Arum italicum ssp. italicum 'Marmoratum'

International Flower Bulb Centre

Family

Araceae

Botanical Name

ARUM italicum ssp. italicum 'Marmoratum'

Plant Common Name

Italian Arum, Lords-and-Ladies

General Description

This tuberous perennial arum is distinctive for its vivid variegation. The large, arrowhead-shaped leaves are dark-green strikingly variegated with broad strokes of pale green in vein-like networks. Selected from a species native to southern and western Europe, 'Marmoratum' sends up its leaves in fall or early winter and they persist through late spring. Large, greenish-yellow, hooded spathes (purple at the base) appear in late spring, each enclosing a yellow spadix that in summer bears red berries displayed like an upright, plump corncob. The plant is considered to be in dormancy in summer.

This woodland plant requires some shade and humus-rich, moderately-moist soil. In dense shade the leaves will be largest, but sun is needed to ensure flowering and the decorative display of red fruits. Plant with other sun-tolerant shade plants such as ferns, hostas, and lamium (a groundcover). Under the outer branches of a deciduous tree is often a great spot. The leaves make lovely additions to floral arrangements.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 3

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Southern Europe, Western Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    White, Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    White, Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    White, Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Groundcover, Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes