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ARUM italicum 'White Winter'

Image of Arum italicum ssp. italicum 'White Winter'

Terra Nova Nurseries, Inc.

Family

Araceae

Botanical Name

ARUM italicum ssp. italicum 'White Winter'

Plant Common Name

Italian Arum, Lords-and-Ladies, White Winter Arum

General Description

Prized for the variegation of its large, wavy leaves, 'White Winter' is descended from a tuberous, perennial arum native to southern and western Europe. The arrowhead-shaped light-green leaves are stikingly marked with pale green in vein-like patterns. The leaves emerge from the ground in fall or early winter and persist through late spring. Large, greenish-yellow, hooded spathes appear in late spring, each enclosing a yellow spadix that in summer bears red berries displayed like an upright, plump corncob. The plant is considered in dormancy in summer.

This woodland perennial requires some shade and humus-rich, moderately moist soil. In dense shade the leaves will be largest, but sun is needed to ensure flowering and the decorative display of red fruits. Plant 'White Wonder' with other sun-tolerant shade plants such as ferns, foamflower, and lamium (a ground cover). Under the outer branches of a deciduous tree is often a great spot. The leaves make lovely additions to floral arrangements.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 3

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Southern Europe, Western Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    White, Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    White, Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    White, Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter) Modifier

    Variegated

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Groundcover, Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes