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ASARUM europaeum

Image of Asarum europaeum

James H. Schutte

Family

Aristolochiaceae

Botanical Name

ASARUM europaeum

Plant Common Name

European Wild Ginger

General Description

European wild ginger is an evergreen perennial native to Western Europe. It is grown for its attractive foliage as a groundcover. The hairy stalks give rise to lustrous, dark green leaves and inconspicuous, bell-shaped, greenish-purple or brown flowers that bloom in late spring.

European wild ginger performs best in partial to full shade in acidic or neutral soil. It can also be used in a woodland garden or at the edge of a shady border. Although not related to the culinary ginger the roots will sometimes produce a scent that resembles ginger. The natural variety caucasicum has an extended leaf tip that is pointed.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    2"-3" / 5.1cm - 7.6cm

  • Width

    10"-12" / 25.4cm - 30.5cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring

  • Native To

    Western Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Green, Purple, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Edging, Groundcover

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes