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BACCHARIS pilularis

Image of Baccharis pilularis

James H. Schutte

Family

Asteraceae

Botanical Name

BACCHARIS pilularis

Plant Common Name

Coyotebrush, Coyotebush

General Description

In spite of months without rain on the embankments of Los Angeles freeways, this drought-resistant shrub remains green year round. The plant grows as a spreading mound of small, rounded green leaves with serrated edges. It blooms in spring but the flowers are insignificant. They give way to tufted seed pods which mature in fall but many gardeners consider unsightly.

Also known as Dwarf Coyote Bush, this shrub is native to regions of California and Oregon where plants may go for over six months without rainfall. The tenacity and spreading nature of this plant has made it a vital erosion control plant along the Pacific Coast of the U.S.. However, this species may brown and lose leaves in regions of extreme heat.

For best success, Dwarf Coyote Bush needs good drainage. Plant it on slopes with north and east-facing exposures to ensure lush growth and optimal coloring. This plant offers an excellent filler for gardens where drought resistant plants ask for only occasional supplemental water. It's ideal for rural properties in dry regions. It is likely to naturalize and provide lasting erosion control without increasing fuel for fires.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    8 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    8"-24" / 20.3cm - 61.0cm

  • Width

    4'-6' / 1.2m - 1.8m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Northwestern United States, California

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Fruit Color

    White

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Groundcover

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No