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BACOPA monnieri

Image of Bacopa monnieri

James H. Schutte

Family

Scrophulariaceae

Botanical Name

BACOPA monnieri

Plant Common Name

Brahmi, Herb-of-Grace, Water Hyssop

General Description

This low-growing, spreading aquatic perennial is a common water weed found along stream margins, pond edges and wet sands of the southern United States and adjacent Mexico. Its small, succulent leaves create a mat of foliage that becomes dotted with small, pale flowers. It creates attractive cover for waterway margins and makes a fine container specimen.

The small leaves of water hyssop are oval, lustrous and fleshy. From spring to fall, lots of small, single flowers are produced along the stems. These are bell-shaped and may be white, pale blue or pale pink. Butterflies pollinate the flowers and the resulting fruits are small and inconspicuous. This is the nectar and larval food plant for the white peacock butterfly (Anartia jatrophae).

Grow water hyssop in full to partial sun and provide it consistently moist, slightly acid soil that's not stagnant. Container grown specimens can be grown in potting medium cut with sand and gravel that's kept consistently moist or wet. Water hyssop looks attractive in hanging baskets, but great care must be taken to keep basket specimens well watered. Daily or twice daily waterings are needed. Water holding hydrogel crystals will help with moisture retention.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    8 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    4"-6" / 10.2cm - 15.2cm (6)

  • Width

    3'-4' / 0.9m - 1.2m (4)

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall

  • Native To

    Southeastern United States, South-Central United States, Southwestern United States, Mexico, Southern Asia, India, Nepal, China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Poorly Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Wet Site

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water, Ample Water

  • Habit

    Mat-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Pink, Light Blue

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bog Garden, Container, Hanging Basket, Mixed Border, Water Gardens

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes