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BALSAMORHIZA sagittata

Image of Balsamorhiza sagittata

TL

Family

Asteraceae

Botanical Name

BALSAMORHIZA sagittata

Plant Common Name

Arrowleaf Balsamroot

General Description

This cheerful golden-flowered perennial is a tough compact mountain dweller. It is native to most western states, and western Canada, where it inhabits forest clearings and sandy outcrops from 1000 feet (304.8 m) up to the timber line. Each plant produces a very large carrot-like root that affords excellent drought resistance where summer rainfall is rare.

The short wide-leaved plants produce individual clumps of emerald green, and put forth many leafless stems topped with golden daisies in late spring. The sunny flowers attract bees and butterflies.

Full sun and well-drained soil are essential for plant health. These perennials are excellent for naturalizing around rural home sites because they are compatible with western grasses. They are also valuable for landscaping in western communities restricted to native plants.

Grow from seed and transplant as very young nursery seedlings so their long tap roots can develop freely in ground. If plants become pot restricted their roots won’t grow as deeply, which will lessen their drought resistance.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 7, 10

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10"-24" / 25.4cm - 61.0cm

  • Width

    10"-12" / 25.4cm - 30.5cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    Western United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Gold

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes