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BAMBUSA beecheyana

Image of Bambusa beecheyana

Mark A. Miller

Family

Poaceae

Botanical Name

BAMBUSA beecheyana

Plant Common Name

Beechey's Bamboo, Clumping Bamboo

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

A traditional source of tender, edible bamboo shoots in southern China, Beechey's bamboo is a clumping bamboo native to southernmost China and Hong Kong. It was first collected in 1827 in Macao, by a naturalist on a ship captained by F. W. Beechey. This tree-like grass quickly grows into a dense clump with tall, arching culms that create a fountain-like silhouette.

All bamboos are grasses with woody-type stems called culms which are divided into sections. Beechey's bamboo has wrist-wide, thick but hollow, upright culms that quickly taper as they elongate. The culms are dark green. Newly emerging shoots are apricot in color, and then become covered in white powder. The emerald green leaves are linear to lance-shaped and produced in pairs, many pairs are crowded on the branches.

Bamboo flowering is unusual, the flowers are similar to other grasses and the fruits grain-like, but the conditions and age of the plant for flowering is not completely understood.

Beechey's bamboo is a tropical grass that grows best in warm, moist, well-drained soil and full sun. It is somewhat cold hardy and will survive mild subfreezing temperatures in winter, but sustain progressively more leaf dieback and browning with prolonged cold. The spread of this bamboo is slow, the rhizomes or underground stems grow only a short distance from the clump before sending up new culms. It isn't invasive, but will quickly become a dense clump of numerous culms. Use it as an accent in an Asian-inspired garden design or as a wind-resistant shade or screening plant in mild winter regions.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 7

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    8 - 12

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Grass

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    35'-50' / 10.7m - 15.2m

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Flower Color

    Light Yellow, Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Edible, Feature Plant, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No