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BAMBUSA multiplex

Image of Bambusa multiplex

Carol Cloud Bailey

Family

Poaceae

Botanical Name

BAMBUSA multiplex

Plant Common Name

Clumping Bamboo, Hedge Bamboo

General Description

Shrub bamboo is a clumping bamboo native to China. All bamboos are grasses with woody-type stems called culms which are divided into sections and branched. Shrub bamboo is extremely variable, the culms slender sometimes arching, smooth with no teeth or spines. The culms often emerge green then mature to various shades of yellow/gold often striped. The leaves are linear to lance-shaped and produced in pairs, often many pairs are crowded on the branches. Bamboo flowering is unusual, the flowers are similar to other grasses and the fruits grain-like, but the conditions and age of the plant for flowering is not completely understood. Flowering seems to occur between 2 and 7 years of age and many bamboos decline and some die after flowering.

Shrub bamboo is a tropical grass, prefers moist well-drained soil and full sun. Some types are cold sensitive; some will take a few degrees of freezing temperatures. The spread of shrub bamboo is slow, the rhizomes or underground stems grow only a short distance from the clump before sending up new culms. Shrub bamboos are great plants for containers, indoors or out and screens.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    8 - 15

  • Plant Type

    Grass

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    15'-25' / 4.6m - 7.6m

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Light Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Light Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Light Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Yellow, Green

  • Bark Color Modifier

    Striped/Striated

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No