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BEGONIA coccinea

Image of Begonia coccinea

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Begoniaceae

Botanical Name

BEGONIA coccinea

Plant Common Name

Angel Wing Begonia

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

The pendent, clustered coral-red flowers of the red angelwing cane begonia add a delicate flair to the coarse green leaves and thick, vertical stems. Native to Brazil, this tender perennial forms a clump of canes that can reach significant height, with a completely upright form or V-shaped habit. The leaves are oblong and pointed, roughly resembling a wing, and are thin and succulent, and light green with occasional red edges. The flowers emerge from the new growth, which can be at severeal locations along the tall stem, or cane. The flower stems are red, and hand downward and gracefully divide to eventually sport the cluster of coral-red flowers that dance in the slightest of breezes. Flowering is heaviest in the late winter and spring, but will be year-round in tropical climates, diminishing only in the hottest part of summer. There are naturally occurring pink or white flowering forms that are arguably more exquisite than the red.

Plant red angelwing cane begonia in a well-draining moist soil that is neutral or acidic. Avoid soils that are mucky or are dry, infertile sands. This begonia species is quite sun tolerant, but will look and flower its finest with shade in the hottest part of the day. In tropical areas, use this as a tall accent plant in mixed borders or as part of lush foundation plantings. Indoors, where the plant will not get nearly as large, place the large container in a bright sunny window to encourage best flowering. The plant may be pruned back to leaf scars on the canes, from where it will send out a new leaf and stem. Cut canes are easily propagated by simply sticking into warm, moist soil.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    6'-10' / 1.8m - 3.0m (8)

  • Width

    4'-6' / 1.2m - 1.8m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    South America, Brazil

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red, Coral

  • Fruit Color

    Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No