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BERBERIS amurensis

Image of Berberis amurensis

Russell Stafford

Family

Berberidaceae

Botanical Name

BERBERIS amurensis

Plant Common Name

Amur Barberry

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Fragrant blossoms and fiery fall foliage are highlights of the Amur barberry. This deciduous shrub is native to thickets and sparse woodlands in northeastern Asia, from China and Japan up into Russian Siberia. The twigs are pale yellow to gray and lined with clusters of three-tipped spines.

The green leaves are oval with eyelash-like hairs on their edges. The leaf comprises three leaflets that are held directly on the twig. In mid- to late spring, dangling clusters of fragrant yellow flowers decorate the branches, attracting insect pollinators. Colorful bright red oval berries ripen by late summer. In autumn the leaves become orange-red to scarlet.

Grow Amur barberry in full to partial sun for best plant form, flowering and fruit set. Partial shade is tolerated. Any moderately fertile soil with adequate drainage suffices. The shrub demonstrates some drought tolerance, but performs best with moderate to regular watering during the growing season. Use Amur barberry as a barrier hedge or screen, or as a specimen on a rocky hillside.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    7'-10' / 2.1m - 3.0m

  • Width

    6'-8' / 1.8m - 2.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    Russia/Siberia, Eastern Asia, China, Japan, Korea

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Orange Red

  • Bark Color

    Yellow, Tan, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes