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BERBERIS thunbergii (BURGUNDY CAROUSEL®)

Image of Berberis thunbergii f. atropurpurea 'Bailtwo' (BURGUNDY CAROUSEL®)

Mark A. Miller

Family

Berberidaceae

Botanical Name

BERBERIS thunbergii f. atropurpurea 'Bailtwo'(BURGUNDY CAROUSEL®)

Plant Common Name

Burgundy Carousel® Barberry, Purpleleaf Japanese Barberry

General Description

Purpleleaf Japanese barberry ‘Bailtwo' -- marketed as Burgundy Carousel® -- is a round to vase-shaped, multi-stemmed shrub with glossy purple leaves. The branches tend to arch as they grow longer. Leaf color is best if grown in full sun. Small, green, insignificant, summer flower give way in the fall to attractive bright red fruit which persists into winter. Selection 'Bailtwo' is on the United States Department of Agriculture’s list of rust resistant barberries.

Japanese barberry is a tough, sun-loving plant that is tolerant of many soil types and sites. It has been known to self-sow and can become somewhat invasive. Though thorny, Burgundy Carousel® is suitable for hedges and foundation plantings and makes a nice accent plant. Don't plant barberry in areas where children play.

Berberis thunbergii is sometimes considered an invasive plant particularly in the eastern United States. It can form dense thickets in natural areas where it changes soil characteristics and displaces wildlife. For more information about the invasiveness of barberry see the National Park Service’s factsheet at http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/beth1.htm .

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A3, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    2'-4' / 0.6m - 1.2m

  • Width

    3'-5' / 0.9m - 1.5m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    Southern Europe, Central Asia, Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Salt, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Crimson, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Purple, Plum

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Purple, Burgundy, Plum

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Purple, Orange, Dark Red

  • Bark Color

    Red, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Yes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes