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BERBERIS thunbergii 'Crimson Pygmy'

Image of Berberis thunbergii f. atropurpurea 'Crimson Pygmy'

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Berberidaceae

Botanical Name

BERBERIS thunbergii f. atropurpurea 'Crimson Pygmy'

Plant Common Name

Crimson Pygmy Barberry, Purpleleaf Japanese Barberry

General Description

This Crimson Pygmy Japanese barberry (also 'Atropurpurea Nana') is a naturally selected dwarf cultivar with bright red-purple leaves in spring maturing to a deep bronze-red. Attractive bright red fruit persists into winter. Barberry has been known to self-sow.

Thorny, but still suitable for low hedges, borders and foundation plantings, 'Crimson Pygmy' can be used in the rock garden or containers. It makes a nice accent plant around other perennials, grasses and shrubs with green foliages. A tough plant, barberry is tolerant of many types of difficult sites.

>Berberis thunbergii is sometimes considered an invasive plant particularly in the northeastern United States. It can form dense thickets in natural areas where it changes soil characteristics and displaces wildlife. For more information about the invasiveness of barberry see the National Park Service’s factsheet at http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/beth1.htm .

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A3, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    18"-24" / 45.7cm - 61.0cm

  • Width

    24"-30" / 61.0cm - 76.2cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Salt, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Crimson, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Crimson, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Red, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Dark Red, Bronze

  • Bark Color

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Edging, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Yes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes