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BERBERIS verruculosa

Image of Berberis verruculosa

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Berberidaceae

Botanical Name

BERBERIS verruculosa

Plant Common Name

Warted Barberry

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

A rather tidy, dense shrub with stiffly arching branches, the warted barberry gets its name from the small raised bumps on its otherwise smooth bark. This evergreen shrub is native to west-central China. Three-part spines line the branches.

Warty barberry's leathery, rich green leaves are tipped with spines. Leaf undersides are gray-white. In winter's cold, the leaves may turn red, or simply blush mahogany or bronze-burgundy. In late spring, golden flowers appear on twigs tucked under the leaves. After pollination by bees, small fruits develop and mature to purplish black and covered in a whitish bloom coating.

Grow warted barberry in any garden soil that isn't overly wet, regardless of texture or pH. It prospers in full sun to partial shade, but in hottest climates, shadier conditions are best. This shrub tolerates pruning well, allowing it to be cut very low and maintained as a groundcover. Warted barberry is magnificent when planted on banks or at the base of taller or leggy shrubs in a mixed shrub border.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 4

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    3'-5' / 0.9m - 1.5m

  • Width

    4'-5' / 1.2m - 1.5m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Arching/Fountain-shaped

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Gold

  • Fruit Color

    Purple, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Red, Dark Green, Burgundy, Dark Red

  • Bark Color

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Foundation, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes