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BERGENIA cordifolia

Image of Bergenia cordifolia

Jessie Keith

Family

Saxifragaceae

Botanical Name

BERGENIA cordifolia

Plant Common Name

Elephant's Ears, Heartleaf Bergenia, Pig Squeak

General Description

Hardy and semi-evergreen, heartleaf bergenia is native to the woodlands and rocky terrain of the Himalayas and Tibet. It is a clump-forming perennial with large, rounded, dark green, leathery leaves. In early spring it produces stout clusters of small, nodding, pink, cup-shaped flowers. Its foliage turns wine red in autumn. A fine cultivar is 'Winter Glow', which has particularly beautiful rosy-bronze foliage all winter.

This perennial prefers part sun or shade and protection from harsh, drying winds. It thrives best in cool, fertile soil that has good drainage. Plant it in dappled sun at the edge of a wooded border or rock garden.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    10"-20" / 25.4cm - 50.8cm (20)

  • Width

    10"-20" / 25.4cm - 50.8cm (20)

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    Nepal

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Red, Burgundy, Bronze

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Edging, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No