Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

BERGENIA purpurascens

Image of Bergenia purpurascens

Family

Saxifragaceae

Botanical Name

BERGENIA purpurascens

Plant Common Name

Bergenia, Elephant's Ears, Pig Squeak, Purple Bergenia

General Description

This bergenia is a clump-forming evergreen perennial with giant, rounded, toothed, dark-green leathery leaves with purplish red undersides. Small, nodding, rose-red, cup shaped flowers appear in loosely arranged groups on knee-high fleshy stems in early spring. The leaves turns beet red or deep purple in the winter and return to green the following spring. Leaves that look weatherbeaten in spring should be removed to keep the plant fresh. At the limits of its hardiness, its leaves may die back in winter, but new leaves will emerge after flowering ends in spring. This species is native to the woods and rocky terrains of Southwestern China. Examples of cultivars are 'Silberlicht' ('Silverlight') and 'Abendgloken' ('Evening Bells').

This perennial prefers part sun or shade and protection from extreme drying winds. It thrives in cool soil with good drainage. Use it as edging for paths and walkways, massed as a groundcover for contrasts of height and texture in a bed or border, in a rock garden, or at the edge of a wooded border in combination with hostas and ferns. Clumps may be divided in early fall or after blooming in spring every 4 to 5 years if desired.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    12"-24" / 30.5cm - 61.0cm (18)

  • Width

    0"-0" / 0.0cm - 0.0cm (12)

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red, Rose

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Burgundy, Dark Red

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Edging, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes