Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

BETA vulgaris 'Witerbi Mangold'

Image of Beta vulgaris ssp. cicla 'Witerbi Mangold'

James H. Schutte

Family

Chenopodiaceae

Botanical Name

BETA vulgaris ssp. cicla 'Witerbi Mangold'

Plant Common Name

Swiss Chard

General Description

The mild and delicious Swiss chard, 'Witerbi Mangold', is a large-leaved heirloom with broad stems and large, savoyed, dark green leaves. Harvest can begin 60 to 70 days after seeding and leaves gathered all season long, though they taste best in spring and fall when days are cool and nights chilly. This is a short-stemmed variety that's not well-suited for bunching. Harvest healthy, mature leaves by cutting them cleanly at the base. These have a short shelf life, so eat them quickly!

Swiss chard is planted for its big crinkly leaves that can be eaten in salads, soups or simply steamed or sautéed. Usually grown as an annual, it is a true biennial. Unlike its cousin the beet, chard is not grown for its fleshy roots but for its large edible leaves and fleshy stems that can be harvested all season. If not pulled in the first year, plants will produce spikes of unimpressive flowers in the second.

This is an easy vegetable to grow. It prefers full sun and fertile, slightly alkaline garden soil. It is quite heat tolerant but flourishes in cooler seasons. In fact, the leaves may become bitter in extremely hot weather. Plants may be directly seeded or transplanted into the vegetable garden. Sow chard a few weeks before the last frost date in temperate zones and in the winter in warm, frost-free areas. Feed with a balanced fertilizer and water regularly.

.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Green

  • Fruit Color

    Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    White, Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    White, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    White, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Edible, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes