Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
Gerald L. Klingaman
River birch is a handsome, often multi-stemmed, fast growing tree that is native to the central and southeastern United States. Its most notable ornamental feature is its beautiful peeling bark that appears in mixed shades on white, rust-orange, gray and brown. Like other birches, it has elongated catkins, which appear in spring, and its medium-green leaves turn a dirty yellow in the fall. Its seeds ripen in late spring, much earlier than other birch species.
This tree is a wise selection for wet soil sites, hence its name, but can tolerate locations with drier soils. This species is more tolerant of heat than other birches and is resistant to birch borers. One problem with river birch is its tendency to drop many fine branches on the ground, especially after storms. In residential yards, the smaller maturing cultivars make better landscaping options.
9 - 1
4 - 9
1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Full Sun, Partial Sun
40'-70' / 12.2m - 21.3m
40'-60' / 12.2m - 18.3m
Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, South-Central United States
Clay, Loam, Sand
Wet Site, Pollution, Soil Compaction
Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Green, Light Green
Yellow, Light Yellow, Tan
White, Copper, Tan, Sandy Brown, Ivory, Slate Gray
Feature Plant, Shade Trees
Preferred Commerce. All Rights Reserved.