Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
Gerald L. Klingaman
Common Birch, European White Birch, Silver Birch
European white birch is a softly pyramidal tree when young, becoming more rounded at maturity with graceful arching branches. This high-altitude native of northern Europe and Asia features beautiful white, exfoliating bark and deeply-cut, lacy leaves. Small greenish catkins appear in the spring and are quite eye-catching.
European white birch is tolerant of both wet and dry soils in full sun. This handsome tree has been used extensively in the cool-climate park landscapes. However, its use is declining due to its high suceptability to bronze birch borer attacks, especially as trees are first stressed and weakened by drought. There are many cultivars available including the purple-leaved 'Monte' and the dwarf 'Trost'. 'Gracilis' and 'Youngii' make excellent weeping form specimens.
7 - 1
2 - 7
A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Full Sun, Partial Sun
40'-70' / 12.2m - 21.3m (50)
20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m
Northern Europe, Russia/Siberia
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Wet Site, Drought
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Light Yellow, Yellow Green
Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees
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