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BETULA utilis

Image of Betula utilis

Family

Betulaceae

Botanical Name

BETULA utilis

Plant Common Name

Himalayan Birch

General Description

Himalayan birch is a pyramidal, deciduous tree native from the Himalayas into southern China. A variable plant in height, habit, and bark color, it is best known for its variable white-barked selections, which provide year-round interest with their attractive, chalk-white bark. Throughout summer it has crisp, dark green leaves that turn yellow in fall. Himalayan birch prefers full sun or light shade and reasonably fertile, well-drained soil. In the landscape, it is best enjoyed as a specimen tree.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    40'-60' / 12.2m - 18.3m

  • Width

    25'-35' / 7.6m - 10.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring

  • Native To

    India, Nepal, China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Tan, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow

  • Bark Color

    White, Salmon, Dark Salmon, Copper, Bronze, Tan, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No