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BOUGAINVILLEA (JAMAICA WHITE™)

Image of Bougainvillea 'Monca' (JAMAICA WHITE™)

James H. Schutte

Family

Nyctaginaceae

Botanical Name

BOUGAINVILLEA 'Monca'(JAMAICA WHITE™)

Plant Common Name

Bougainvillea, Jamaica White™ Bougainvillea, Paperflower

General Description

Cool snow white bracts with just a hint of blush make ‘Monca’ a spectacular garden-wedding vine and the perfect tropical climber for classical, designed landscapes. The parent species are native to South America where various colors and forms were bred early on to create the contemporary garden varieties. They thrive in dry climates around the world. A large, woody vine-like plant, ‘Monca’ produces long, arching stems decked with dark green leaves.

The color is from bracts, which are modified leaves and thus far more plentiful than the tiny tubular flowers clustered among them. The bracts emerge and shed repeatedly throughout the year, with peak bloom in the heat of summer. The true flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds and long-tongued insects, a bonus in the eyes of some gardeners.

Give ‘Monca’ full sun and well-drained soil. Like most bougainvilleas, it can grow leafy, with diminished color, if over-watered, even in the desert. It also produces a large fibrous root system that resents disturbance, so when planting a nursery purchase, take care that the rootball remains intact. This is a queen among climbers, wonderful for walls, fences, arbors, shade structures, gazebos and even climbing readily onto roofs or into tree tops.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    No