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BOUGAINVILLEA (PURPLE QUEEN™)

Image of Bougainvillea 'Moneth' (PURPLE QUEEN™)

Maureen Gilmer

Family

Nyctaginaceae

Botanical Name

BOUGAINVILLEA 'Moneth'(PURPLE QUEEN™)

Plant Common Name

Bougainvillea, Paperflower, Purple Queen™ Bougainvillea

General Description

A fabulous tropical vine, this hybrid bougainvillea with its brilliant purple flowers is both a climber and a groundcover due to its dense green foliage. Bougainvillea is a hallmark of Mexico and California but can be found thriving in dry climates around the world. The parent species of ‘Moneth’ are native to South America where various colors and forms were bred early on to create the contemporary garden varieties. This hybrid is a smaller form that climbs by the same arching limbs and hooks, but branches more densely than typical bouginvilleas. If planted on a slope it sprawls tightly enough for blanket coverage.

This plant is a heavy bloomer that holds its color far longer than other forms, making it a tidy choice for small homes and courtyards. The color is from bracts, which are modified leaves and thus are far more plentiful than the tiny tubular flowers clustered among them. The true flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds and long-tongued insects, a bonus in the eyes of some gardeners. Like most bougainvilleas, ‘Moneth’ blooms far more heavily when conditions are dry. If over watered, even in the desert, it produces too much foliage and insufficient color. It has a large, fibrous root system that resents disturbance, so when planting a nursery purchase, keep the rootball intact.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Purple

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    No