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BOUGAINVILLEA 'New River'

Image of Bougainvillea 'New River'

James Burghardt

Family

Nyctaginaceae

Botanical Name

BOUGAINVILLEA 'New River'

Plant Common Name

Bougainvillea, New River Bougainvillea, Paperflower

General Description

This hybrid, ‘New River,’ offers smaller leaves and a more dense habit than other bougainvilleas, with the same tropical blooms for vibrant color in the frost free garden. Bougainvillea is a hallmark of Mexico and California but can be found thriving in warm climates around the world. The parent species of ‘New River’ are native to South America where various colors and forms were bred early on to create our contemporary garden varieties. A large woody, vine-like plant, ‘New River’ produces long arching branches decked with dark green leaves.

A heavy bloomer, ‘New River’ holds its color far longer than other forms, and so is a tidy choice for small homes and courtyards. The color is from bracts, which are modified leaves and thus far more plentiful and showy than the tiny tubular flowers clustered among them. The true flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds and long-tongued insects, a bonus in the eyes of many gardeners.

Like other bougainvilleas, ‘New River’ thrives in well-drained or slightly dry soils in very warm climates. It also blooms far more showily when conditions are dry. If over watered, even in the desert, it will produce too much foliage and insufficient color. It has a large fibrous root system that resents disturbance, so when planting a nursery purchase, keep the rootball intact. It is among the queens of climbers for walls, fences, arbors, shade structures, gazebos, and even thrives climbing onto roofs or into tree tops.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    20'-40' / 6.1m - 12.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Purple

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    No