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BOUGAINVILLEA 'Tahitian Maid'

Image of Bougainvillea 'Tahitian Maid' PP3029

Maureen Gilmer

Family

Nyctaginaceae

Botanical Name

BOUGAINVILLEA 'Tahitian Maid' PP3029

Plant Common Name

Bougainvillea, Paperflower, Tahitian Maid Bougainvillea

General Description

The dense, double blooms of ‘Tahitian Maid’ ignite frost-free gardens with their vibrant magenta-red color. This vigorously climbing evergreen tropical is not a true vine but a liana, a group of shrubs that send their long branches into jungle trees of South America. Three major species are the parents of our garden hybrids, which have been crossed into a dazzling array of sizes and colors. Their long branches are lined with dark green leaves and end in masses of bloom.

The color is from bracts, which are modified leaves adapted to lure pollinators. Bracts are long lasting with a tendency to shed and regrow periodically throughout the year. Nestled among the bracts are tiny, white tubular flowers pollinated by hummingbirds and long-tongued insects, a bonus in the eyes of many gardeners. Like most bougainvilleas, ‘Tahitian Maid’ blooms most heavily when conditions are dry. If over watered, even in the desert, it produces too much foliage and diminished color. It has a large, fibrous root system that resents disturbance, so when planting a nursery purchase, take care that the rootball remains intact. This a queen of climbers for walls, fences, arbors, shade structures, gazebos and even thrives climbing onto roofs or into tree tops.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red, Magenta

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    No