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Ball® Horticultural Company
BRASSICA juncea 'Florida Broadleaf'
Florida Broadleaf India Mustard, India Mustard
Mustard greens are a southern staple and the vigorous selection, 'Florida Broadleaf', grows exceptionally well in southern winters because it produces quickly but is slow to bolt. The leaves can be harvested as quickly as 45 days after sowing and add zest to salads, sandwiches and cooked dishes.
India mustard is a fast growing, cool season annual or biennial that originates from Asia but has been introduced as a weed in many other parts of the world. It produces rosettes of large, broad, green leaves that are thin, lightly hairy and smooth. It also produces a turnip-like taproot but this is rarely eaten. Warm weather causes plants to "bolt", or produce flowers. The clusters of four-petaled, pale yellow flowers appear atop waist-high stems. Crescent-shaped green pods filled with dark red-brown seeds follow the flowers. The dried pods split open to disperse the seeds.
This is an easy mustard crop for the south. Grow India mustard in full sun and well-drained neutral to alkaline soil. It will not tolerate severe heat or hard freezing temperatures. The leaves are most flavorful when nights are cool. Warm weather causes bitter tasting foliage and early bolting. The best planting times are early spring or late summer or early winter. Where year round temperatures are mild, it makes a great winter crop. The leaves can be harvested individually or the whole plant can be harvested. Self-sowing will not occur if the whole plant is removed before it bolts.
8 - 1
8 - 10
A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Full Sun, Partial Sun
20"-24" / 50.8cm - 61.0cm
1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Clay, Loam, Sand
Spring, Fall, Winter
Yellow, Light Yellow
Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable
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