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BRASSICA juncea 'Florida Broadleaf'

Image of Brassica juncea 'Florida Broadleaf'

BallĀ® Horticultural Company

Family

Brassicaceae

Botanical Name

BRASSICA juncea 'Florida Broadleaf'

Plant Common Name

Florida Broadleaf India Mustard, India Mustard

General Description

Mustard greens are a southern staple and the vigorous selection, 'Florida Broadleaf', grows exceptionally well in southern winters because it produces quickly but is slow to bolt. The leaves can be harvested as quickly as 45 days after sowing and add zest to salads, sandwiches and cooked dishes.

India mustard is a fast growing, cool season annual or biennial that originates from Asia but has been introduced as a weed in many other parts of the world. It produces rosettes of large, broad, green leaves that are thin, lightly hairy and smooth. It also produces a turnip-like taproot but this is rarely eaten. Warm weather causes plants to "bolt", or produce flowers. The clusters of four-petaled, pale yellow flowers appear atop waist-high stems. Crescent-shaped green pods filled with dark red-brown seeds follow the flowers. The dried pods split open to disperse the seeds.

This is an easy mustard crop for the south. Grow India mustard in full sun and well-drained neutral to alkaline soil. It will not tolerate severe heat or hard freezing temperatures. The leaves are most flavorful when nights are cool. Warm weather causes bitter tasting foliage and early bolting. The best planting times are early spring or late summer or early winter. Where year round temperatures are mild, it makes a great winter crop. The leaves can be harvested individually or the whole plant can be harvested. Self-sowing will not occur if the whole plant is removed before it bolts.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    8 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    20"-24" / 50.8cm - 61.0cm

  • Width

    1'-2' / 0.3m - 0.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Rosette/Stemless

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Light Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes