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  • Planting

    1. Most epiphytes require bright, indirect light and high humidity, as well as good air circulation
    2. Plants that have aerial roots can be tied to natural supports, or set into small containers of very well-drained, coarse bark-based potting soil; heavier peat-based potting soils can rot their roots
    3. Plants that get large or leggy, such as certain "leggy" orchids, bromeliads, and heavy staghorn ferns, can be wired to wooden boards or other supports
    4. Place in bright, humid, well-ventilated areas for growing, and water as needed

  • Watering

    1. Many epiphytes are drought tolerant
    2. Maintain humidity to keep them from drying out quickly
    3. Protect from direct drafts from heater or air conditioner vents
    4. Keep roots moist, not wet

  • Pruning

    • When pruning, leave no stubs; cut close to where the pruned part began growing
    • Remove large or wayward stems
    • Remove dead or diseased plant parts
    • Remove faded flower stems

  • Propagation

    1. Propagate epiphytic orchids and bromeliads by division in bright, indirect light and high humidity
    2. Cut individual plants with roots from "mother" plant and repot or tie to supports

  • Fertilization

    • Most epiphytes require regular light feedings of water-soluble fertilizer
    • Many orchid growers use "fish emulsion" or other slow-acting natural liquid plant food