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CALCEOLARIA crenatiflora

Image of Calceolaria crenatiflora

Family

Scrophulariaceae

Botanical Name

CALCEOLARIA crenatiflora

Plant Common Name

Pocketbook Flower

General Description

Chilean in origin, pocketbook flower produces perfect bulb-pouched yellow flowers dotted and streaked with maroon. The moderately cold-tolerant plant naturally inhabits moist, cool uplands with full to partial sun. In the garden, it is best grown as a bedding annual for containers and border edges. This species is parent to many Calceolaria hybrids cultivated today.

The simple green leaves of pocketbook flower are bright green and can remain semi-evergreen where winters are mild and moist. Flowers bloom early in the season, usually from spring to early summer. The pouch-shaped, maize yellow blooms are bulbous and elongated with scalloped lobes. At the top of each pouch is an opening bees enter to pollinate the flowers. The opening is dotted and streaked with maroon markings. Small seed capsules follow pollination.

Grow this as you would any cool season annual, such as pansies, twinspur or Nemesia. It requires full to partial sun and bloom gloriously in cool, mild weather and dry up quickly when conditions are hot and dry. This species is rarely available in commerce but makes an attractive container plant if you can obtain it.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    8 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    10"-15" / 25.4cm - 38.1cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Chile

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Burgundy

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Container, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes