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CAMELLIA hiemalis 'Rose of Autumn'

Image of Camellia hiemalis 'Rose of Autumn'

James Burghardt

Family

Theaceae

Botanical Name

CAMELLIA hiemalis 'Rose of Autumn'

Plant Common Name

Rose of Autumn Camellia, Snow Camellia

General Description

The medium-sized, "rose-form" blooms of 'Rose of Autumn' are lustrous rose-pink and appear from late fall to midwinter. An open-pollinated seedling of Camellia hiemalis 'Kanjiro', this cultivar originated about 1990 at Green Nurseries, Fairhope, Alabama. It is one of many named selections and hybrids of snow camellia, Camellia hiemalis. Long grown and prized in Japan, snow camellia may have originated as a hybrid of Camellia sasanqua, and is known only in cultivation.

This relatively fast-growing, upright, medium to large shrub has oval, glossy, dark green leaves with toothed edges. The semi-double to double blooms are somewhat heavier-textured and their bloom period is typically later and longer than those of the closely related sasanquas.

Like most camellias, C. hiemalis and its cultivars prosper in partial shade and acidic to neutral, humus-rich soil. Shelter these broadleaf evergreens from strong winter sun and winds, and mulch to keep the roots cool and moist. Prune (if necessary) in early spring, before next year's flower buds form. Often used for specimen plantings in woodland gardens, snow camellias are perfect for Japanese gardens, mixed borders, or foundation plantings. They also make excellent bonsai and greenhouse plants.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    8'-14' / 2.4m - 4.3m

  • Width

    5'-10' / 1.5m - 3.0m

  • Bloom Time

    Fall, Late Fall, Early Winter, Winter

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Pink, Rose

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Double, Semi-Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No