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CAMELLIA sasanqua 'Sparkling Burgundy'

Image of Camellia sasanqua 'Sparkling Burgundy'

JC Raulston Arboretum at NC State University

Family

Theaceae

Botanical Name

CAMELLIA sasanqua 'Sparkling Burgundy'

Plant Common Name

Camellia, Sasanqua , Sparkling Burgundy Sasanqua

General Description

Warm days, cool nights - fall and it’s time to look for the colorful blooming jewels of Camellia sasanqua. These evergreen shrubs don’t get as much attention as their more popular cousin, the large-flowered common Japanese camellia, but they should. Native to Japan, sasanquas, as they are known to garden enthusiasts, have a long history of use for tea, oil and ornament.

The cultivar ‘Sparkling Burgundy’ has glossy, thin but leathery, elliptical, dark green leaves with toothed margins. The tall plants have an upright, irregular habit. The small, double flowers are ruby-red with a lavender sheen, and have gold stamens scattered among the petals. The flowers appear very early in the season, from fall to midwinter. What these blooms lack in size compared to common camellias, they make up for in numbers. It is not uncommon to see plants covered in blooms with many buds yet to open.

Sasanquas prefer partial shade, but will tolerate full sun once established and are well watered. The soil should be moist, acidic and have ample drainage. These plants are notoriously slow-growing, slow to establish and shallow rooted, a thick layer of organic mulch is a good practice to protect the roots. Regular irrigation when dry and applications of fertilizer promote good growth and flowering. Prune after flowering and just before growth starts in the spring, but only lightly, they do not recover well from harsh pruning.

Cold sensitive, but more tolerant than common camellias, use them in locations where temperatures don’t stay well below freezing for any length of time. Use Camellia sasanqua ‘Sparkling Burgundy’ as a hedge, accent, screening, in containers or pruned to standard tree form for specimen planting.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    8'-20' / 2.4m - 6.1m

  • Width

    6'-15' / 1.8m - 4.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Fall, Fall, Late Fall, Early Winter

  • Native To

    Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red, Pink, Rose, Lavender

  • Fruit Color

    Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Hedges, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No