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CAMELLIA x williamsii 'James S Reeve'

Image of Camellia x williamsii 'James S Reeve'

James Burghardt

Family

Theaceae

Botanical Name

CAMELLIA x williamsii 'James S Reeve'

Plant Common Name

James S. Reeve Camellia, William's Camellia

General Description

The camellia 'James S. Reeve' produces large, semi-double, rose-red blooms midway in the camellia season. White stamens with yellow anthers cluster at their centers.

Originating as a random seedling, 'James S. Reeve' was selected by Houghton S. Hall of San Anselmo, California, in 1991. It is one of many named selections of Camellia × williamsii, the hybrid between the East Asian natives Camellia japonica and Camellia saluenensis. Camellia × williamsii cultivars were first raised by J. C. Williams of Caerhays Castle in Cornwall in the early 1920s.

This slow- to moderate-growing, rounded, medium to large shrub has spreading to ascending, gray-barked branches and leathery, oval, glossy dark-green leaves. In frost-free conditions, 'James S. Reeve' blooms from early to late winter. Flowering may be delayed in colder sites.

Camellia × williamsii cultivars excel in partial shade, but established, regularly watered specimens will tolerate full sun. Evenly moist, acid soil with ample drainage is essential. Camellias are notoriously slow-growing, slow to establish and shallow rooted. A thick layer of organic mulch will protect the roots and help maintain even moisture. Regular irrigation and applications of fertilizer will help promote good growth and flowering. Prune lightly (if necessary) after flowering, just before growth starts in the spring. Most camellias do not recover well from harsh renewal pruning.

Though hardier than many garden camellias,Camellia × williamsii cultivars are still quite tender. Their evergreen leaves and tender flower buds may suffer from sunscald and wind desiccation in winter, so avoid planting them in highly exposed areas. Often employed as specimen plants, they also work well in hedges, foundation plantings, and mixed borders.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    8'-15' / 2.4m - 4.6m

  • Width

    8'-15' / 2.4m - 4.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Winter, Winter, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red, Rose

  • Fruit Color

    Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Semi-Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No