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CANNA indica

Image of Canna indica

James Burghardt

Family

Cannaceae

Botanical Name

CANNA indica

Plant Common Name

Canna, Spanish Arrowroot

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Cannas are easy-to-grow, tropical to sub-tropical herbaceous plants that originate from tropical North, Central and South America. There are approximately 50 species and hundreds of hybrid cultivars.

Grown as perennials or tender perennials, these ornamentals offer bold, often colorful, foliage and showy lily-like flowers that come in shades of red, yellow, orange, salmon, pink or rose. The flowers appear in clusters atop stiff upright stems and attract hummingbirds. Selections like the wonderfully showy ‘Striata’, with its yellow and green striped foliage and tangerine flowers, help illustrate why these are popular ornamentals. Some species, like the enormous bold-leaved Canna musifolia are also highly desirable ornamentals.

Cannas are amazingly adaptable. They prefer full sun to partial sun and rich moist to wet soil but can be surprisingly drought tolerant if faced with a bout of dry weather. Plants are borne from thick fleshy rhizomes that transplant and divide easily. In temperate zones, they may be dug and brought into a cool, dry garage or basement to overwinter and then planted again in spring after the last frost date.

Use these in containers, waterside gardens or as focal points in any bed or border. Though tolerant of wet soils, they will not tolerate deep standing water.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    8 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    0'-0' / 0.0m - 0.0m

  • Width

    0'-0' / 0.0m - 0.0m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Latin America and the Caribbean, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Wet Site

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water, Ample Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Red, Orange, Light Yellow, Lemon Yellow, Yellow Green, Gold, Pink, Rose, Salmon, Coral, Peach, Burgundy, Crimson, Dark Red, Orange Red, Dark Salmon

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Tan, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Yellow, Red, Green, Purple, Gray Green, Dark Green, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Yellow, Red, Green, Purple, Orange, Light Green, Chartreuse, Lime Green, Gray Green, Dark Green, Light Yellow, Lemon Yellow, Yellow Green, Gold, Burgundy, Crimson, Dark Red, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Red, Green, Purple, Orange, Light Green, Lime Green, Gray Green, Dark Green, Light Yellow, Lemon Yellow, Yellow Green, Gold, Burgundy, Crimson, Dark Red, Bronze

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Tropical, Water Gardens

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    No