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CAPSICUM annuum 'Black Pearl'

Image of Capsicum annuum 'Black Pearl' (Cerasiforme Group)

Felder Rushing

Family

Solanaceae

Botanical Name

CAPSICUM annuum 'Black Pearl'( Cerasiforme Group)

Plant Common Name

Black Pearl Ornamental Pepper, Ornamental Pepper

General Description

The 2006 All-American Selections award-winning ornamental pepper, ‘Black Pearl’, is has deep purple-black foliage and colorful small cherry peppers that turn from purple to red. The edible fruits are very, very hot but typically grown for beauty, not consumption. Consequently, nursery growers tend to treat them with chemical pesticides not suitable for edible plants, so be caution should be taken eating from nursery-grown stock.

Cherry peppers are bushy, well-branched plants with rigid stems and thin, often broad, dark green leaves. The foliage of ‘Black Pearl’ is very dark black-purple and stands out in the garden or container. The flowers are inconspicuous, five-petaled and lilac (an unusual color for pepper blooms). The peppers are small and round with somewhat fleshy skin. They start out black and mature to red. On the interior they are divided by spongy ribbing which supports many small, flattened, rounded seeds.

Peppers are warm season vegetables that are easy to grow. Full sun, warmth, fertile, perfectly drained soil and regular feeding are required for good growth and fruit production. Peppers generally take 60 to 90 days to produce fruit. Some vascular wilts and fungal problems can befall them, but overall they are not needy. Proper spacing will keep diseases at bay and help with fruit production, so plant according to grower’s guidelines.

Ornamental cherry peppers are ideal for late season containers plants or flower gardens. The colors of ‘Black Pearl’ are stunning and draw attention wherever planted.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    18"-20" / 45.7cm - 50.8cm

  • Width

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Summer, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, Mexico, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Lavender

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Plum, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Purple, Dark Green, Black

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Purple, Dark Green, Black

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Purple, Dark Green, Black

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Purple, Dark Green, Black

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No