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CAPSICUM annuum 'Caloro'

Image of Capsicum annuum 'Caloro' (Longum Group)

Family

Solanaceae

Botanical Name

CAPSICUM annuum 'Caloro'( Longum Group)

Plant Common Name

Caloro Hot Pepper, Hot Pepper

General Description

Also known as 'Yellow Jalapeno', 'Caloro' produces moderately hot, bright greenish-yellow chili peppers on virus-resistant plants. Like many hot peppers, it is a member of the Longum group, which encompasses poblanos, serranos, jalapenos, cayenne peppers and various other chilis. These annual vegetables descend from varieties that were grown and selected by Native Americans for thousands of years.

The bushy, knee-high plants bear thin, oval leaves on stiff brittle stems. Inconspicuous white flowers appear in warm weather, followed by pendent, conical, 2-inch (5-cm) fruits with medium-thick, pungently flavored, green flesh that ripens to yellow and then red. The hollow, chambered interior is divided by spongy ribbing that holds many small, flattened, rounded seeds, which are hotter than the fruit's flesh. Fruits are best when yellow.

Full sun, warmth, ample spacing, and fertile well-drained soil are required for this pepper variety to grow and produce well. Harvest of yellow 'Caloro' peppers begins about 85 days after seedlings are planted. The fruits do not dry well and are best sliced fresh into salads, sauces, and relishes. Harvest continues until hard frost, or into winter in frost-free conditions. Vascular wilts and fungal diseases can be a problem in subpar conditions. This variety is resistant to tobacco mosaic virus.

Pinch off early flower buds to encourage stronger branching and roots. Heavily fruiting plants may break apart under the weight if not staked for support. Harvest ripe fruit daily to encourage new blossoms to form.

Hot peppers get their heat from the compound capsaicin – the higher its concentration, the hotter the pepper. Capsaicin concentration is measured and expressed in Scoville units. The Scoville rating of 'Caloro' is 2000 to 5000 units, equivalent to a mild to moderate jalapeno. For more information about the Scoville Scale see http://www.chilliworld.com/FactFile/Scoville_Scale.asp

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    20"-30" / 50.8cm - 76.2cm

  • Width

    15"-24" / 38.1cm - 61.0cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Mexico, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Yellow, Red, Green, Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green, Black

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No