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CAPSICUM annuum 'Chervena Chushka'

Image of Capsicum annuum 'Chervena Chushka'

Jessie Keith

Family

Solanaceae

Botanical Name

CAPSICUM annuum 'Chervena Chushka'

Plant Common Name

Bulgarian Sweet Pepper, Chervena Chushka Pepper

General Description

The Bulgarian heirloom pepper 'Chervena Chushka' produces sweet, flavorful fruits on large vigorous plants. It is also noted for its tolerance of cool, damp summers.

First cultivated and selected by Native Americans thousands of years ago, peppers are bushy, brittle-stemmed annual vegetables with thin oval leaves and small five-petaled flowers. The dull-white blooms of 'Chervena Chushka' are followed by conical, 6-inch-long (15-cm) fruits that ripen from dark green to brown to bright red. The hollow, chambered interior of each fruit is divided by spongy ribbing that holds many small, flattened, rounded seeds. Fruits are tastiest and sweetest when red-ripe.

Full sun, warmth, ample spacing, and fertile well-drained soil are required for peppers to grow and produce well. Sow seed indoors eight weeks before the last spring frost date. Set out transplants about two weeks after the final frost. Harvest of red-ripe 'Chervena Chushka' peppers begins about 85 days after seedlings are planted out. Harvest continues until hard frost, or into winter in frost-free conditions.

Pinch off early flower buds to encourage stronger branching and roots. Heavily fruiting plants may break apart under the weight if not staked for support. Harvest ripe fruit regularly to encourage new blossoms to form.

Use this heirloom pepper in the vegetable garden or as a container plant. Its tasty, colorful peppers are excellent for fresh eating or roasting.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    30"-42" / 76.2cm - 106.7cm

  • Width

    18"-24" / 45.7cm - 61.0cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Mexico, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Yellow, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Green, Dark Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Black

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No