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CAPSICUM annuum 'Holiday Time'

Image of Capsicum annuum 'Holiday Time' (Longum Group)

Jesse Saylor

Family

Solanaceae

Botanical Name

CAPSICUM annuum 'Holiday Time'( Longum Group)

Plant Common Name

Holiday Time Ornamental Pepper, Ornamental Pepper

General Description

Developed for use as a holiday container plant, this 1980 All-America Selections Winner produces quantities of small round showy peppers that change color as they mature. Although its fiery-hot fruits are edible, 'Holiday Time' is used exclusively as an ornamental. It was introduced by the University of Connecticut in 1980.

First cultivated and selected by Native Americans thousands of years ago, peppers are bushy, brittle-stemmed annual vegetables with thin oval leaves and small five-petaled flowers. The dull-white blooms of 'Holiday Time' are followed by numerous spherical half-inch (1.25-cm) fruits that ripen from creamy white to purple to yellow to orange to red. Ripening occurs about 90 days after seedlings are transplanted.

Full sun, warmth, ample spacing, and fertile well-drained soil are required for peppers to grow and produce well. Plant seedlings of this showy-fruited ornamental pepper in containers, annual beds, and mixed borders for several months of warm-season color. Fruiting may continue until hard frost, or into winter in frost-free conditions. Vascular wilts and fungal diseases can be a problem in subpar conditions.

Pinch off early flower buds to encourage stronger branching and roots. Heavily fruiting plants may break apart under the weight if not staked for support. Care must be taken with plants grown by nurseries for ornamental purposes; they may have been treated with pesticides or other chemicals not suitable for edible plants. Avoid planting this ornamental pepper where children might be tempted to sample the blistering-hot fruits.

Hot peppers get their heat from the compound capsaicin – the higher its concentration, the hotter the pepper. Capsaicin concentration is measured and expressed in Scoville units. For more information about the Scoville Scale see http://www.chilliworld.com/FactFile/Scoville_Scale.asp

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Annual

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    12"-16" / 30.5cm - 40.6cm

  • Width

    12"-16" / 30.5cm - 40.6cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Mexico, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Purple, Orange, Light Yellow, Yellow Green, Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green, Black

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Cutflower, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No