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CAPSICUM annuum 'Marbles'

Image of Capsicum annuum 'Marbles' (Cerasiforme Group)

Jesse Saylor

Family

Solanaceae

Botanical Name

CAPSICUM annuum 'Marbles'( Cerasiforme Group)

Plant Common Name

Marbles Ornamental Pepper, Ornamental Pepper

General Description

A cherry pepper well suited for both ornamental and culinary purposes, this compact cultivar bears small, round, relatively mild-flavored fruits that change color as they mature. Like all culinary peppers, cherry peppers (known botanically as the Cerasiforme group) trace their origin to the American tropics, where they have been cultivated since pre-Columbian times.

The bushy, calf-high plants bear thin, narrowly oval, medium-green leaves on stiff brittle stems. Inconspicuous white flowers appear in warm weather, followed by small, globular, thick-fleshed fruits that ripen from creamy yellow to orange to fiery red. The hollow, chambered interior is divided by spongy ribbing which supports many small, flattened, rounded seeds, which are hotter than the fruit's mildly spicy flesh. Fruits may be harvested any time after reaching full size.

This warm season vegetable grows easily in favorable conditions. Full sun, warmth, proper spacing, and fertile well-drained soil are required for good growth and fruit production. Vascular wilts and fungal diseases can be a problem in subpar conditions. Peppers ripen 55 to 70 days after transplanting. Plants sold as ornamentals may have been treated with pesticides or other chemicals that render their fruits unsuitable for culinary use.

Cherry peppers are excellent fresh, cooked, or pickled. They're ornamental too, especially in annual plantings and containers. Potted plants will often survive the winter in a warm sunny place indoors.

Hot peppers get their heat from the compound capsaicin – the higher its concentration, the hotter the pepper. Capsaicin concentration is measured and expressed in Scoville units. For more information about the Scoville Scale see http://www.chilliworld.com/FactFile/Scoville_Scale.asp

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    10"-16" / 25.4cm - 40.6cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Summer, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Mexico, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    White, Yellow, Red, Orange, Light Yellow, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Black

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No