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CAPSICUM annuum 'Red Missile'( Longum Group)
Ornamental Pepper, Red Missile Pepper
The ornamental pepper 'Red Missile' produces upright clusters of showy flame-shaped fruits that change color as they mature. Although its fiery-hot fruits are edible, this cultivar was developed for ornamental use.
First cultivated and selected by Native Americans thousands of years ago, peppers are bushy, brittle-stemmed annual vegetables with thin oval leaves and small five-petaled flowers. The dull-white blooms of 'Red Missile' are followed by erect, conical, 2-inch (5-cm) fruits that ripen from cream to orange to bright red. Plants are dense and compact.
Full sun, warmth, ample spacing, and fertile well-drained soil are required for peppers to grow and produce well. The fruits of 'Red Missile' reach full color about 80 days after seedlings are planted out. Use this compact-growing, showy-fruited ornamental pepper in containers, annual beds, and mixed borders for several months of warm-season color. Fruiting may continue until hard frost, or into winter in frost-free conditions. Vascular wilts and fungal diseases can be a problem in subpar conditions.
Pinch off early flower buds to encourage stronger branching and roots. Heavily fruiting plants may break apart under the weight if not staked for support. Care must be taken with plants grown by nurseries for ornamental purposes; they may have been treated with pesticides or other chemicals not suitable for edible plants. Avoid planting this ornamental pepper where children might be tempted to sample the painfully hot fruits.
Hot peppers get their heat from the compound capsaicin – the higher its concentration, the hotter the pepper. Capsaicin concentration is measured and expressed in Scoville units. For more information about the Scoville Scale see http://www.chilliworld.com/FactFile/Scoville_Scale.asp
12 - 1
A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
8"-10" / 20.3cm - 25.4cm
Spring, Summer, Fall, Indeterminate
Mexico, Central America, South America
Spring, Summer, Fall
Red, Orange, Light Yellow, Orange Red
Green, Dark Green
Green, Dark Green, Black
Bedding Plant, Container, Cutflower, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Mixed Border, Tropical
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