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CAPSICUM annuum 'Sante Fe Grande'

Image of Capsicum annuum 'Sante Fe Grande' (Longum Group)

James H. Schutte

Family

Solanaceae

Botanical Name

CAPSICUM annuum 'Sante Fe Grande'( Longum Group)

Plant Common Name

Chile Pepper, Santa Fe Grande Pepper

General Description

The colorful, medium-hot fruits of 'Sante Fe Grande' are abundantly borne on tall, vigorous, virus-resistant plants. Also known as 'Caribe', this open-pollinated hybrid was introduced in 1965 by Petoseed Co., Saticoy, California.

First cultivated and selected by Native Americans thousands of years ago, peppers are bushy, brittle-stemmed annual vegetables with thin oval leaves and small five-petaled flowers. The dull-white blooms of 'Sante Fe Grande' are followed by pendent, conical, 3-inch (7.5-cm) fruits with thick, tangy-flavored flesh that ripens from pale yellow to orange or red. The hollow, chambered interior of each fruit is divided by spongy ribbing that holds many small, flattened, rounded seeds, which are spicier than its flesh. Fruits may be harvested green or allowed to mature to full color and flavor.

Full sun, warmth, ample spacing, and fertile well-drained soil are required for peppers to grow and produce well. Harvest of red-ripe 'Sante Fe Grande' peppers begins about 80 days after seedlings are planted out, but peppers can be harvested green about 10 days earlier. Slice freshly picked fruits into salsas or stir-fries, or use them for pickling or for flavoring vinegar. Harvest continues until hard frost, or into winter in frost-free conditions. Vascular wilts and fungal diseases can be a problem in subpar conditions. This cultivar is resistant to tobacco mosaic virus.

Pinch off early flower buds to encourage stronger branching and roots. Heavily fruiting plants may break apart under the weight if not staked for support. Harvest ripe fruit daily to encourage new blossoms to form.

Hot peppers get their heat from the compound capsaicin – the higher its concentration, the hotter the pepper. Capsaicin concentration is measured and expressed in Scoville units. The Scoville rating of 'Sante Fe Grande' is 5000 to 8000 units, equivalent to a hot jalapeno. For more information about the Scoville Scale see http://www.chilliworld.com/FactFile/Scoville_Scale.asp

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Width

    18"-24" / 45.7cm - 61.0cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Mexico, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Green, Orange, Light Yellow

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green, Black

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No