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CAPSICUM annuum 'Tam Mild Jalapeno II'

Image of Capsicum annuum 'Tam Mild Jalapeno II'

Family

Solanaceae

Botanical Name

CAPSICUM annuum 'Tam Mild Jalapeno II'

Plant Common Name

Jalapeño Pepper, Mild Jalapeño Pepper

General Description

This 2009 introduction from the Texas Experimental Agricultural Station produces heavy yields of large jalapeno-style peppers that are high in virus resistance but low in heat. The plants are compact and heat-resistant, producing good crops in areas such Texas.

First cultivated and selected by Native Americans thousands of years ago, peppers are bushy, brittle-stemmed annual vegetables with thin oval leaves and small five-petaled flowers. The dull-white blooms of 'Tam Mild Jalapeno 2' are followed by pendent, conical, 3-inch-long (7.5-cm) fruits with thick, mildly pungent, crack-resistant flesh that ripens from green to red. The hollow, chambered interior of each fruit is divided by spongy ribbing that holds many small, flattened, rounded seeds, which are spicier than its flesh. Fruits are best when harvested green.

Full sun, warmth, ample spacing, and fertile well-drained soil are required for peppers to grow and produce well. Harvest of 'Tam Mild Jalapeno 2' peppers begins about 85 days after seedlings are planted out. Slice them fresh into sandwiches, salsas or stir-fries, or use them for pickles or preserves. Harvest is concentrated over a relatively short season. This variety is resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, tobacco etch virus, pepper mottle virus, and potato virus Y.

Pinch off early flower buds to encourage stronger branching and roots. Heavily fruiting plants may break apart under the weight if not staked for support. Harvest ripe fruit regularly to encourage new blossoms to form.

Hot peppers get their heat from the compound capsaicin – the higher its concentration, the hotter the pepper. Capsaicin concentration is measured and expressed in Scoville units. The Scoville rating of 'Tam Mild Jalapeno 2' is around 1000 units, milder than that of most other jalapenos. For more information about the Scoville Scale see http://www.chilliworld.com/FactFile/Scoville_Scale.asp

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    16"-20" / 40.6cm - 50.8cm

  • Width

    16"-20" / 40.6cm - 50.8cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Mexico, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green, Black

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes