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CAPSICUM annuum var. annuum

Image of Capsicum annuum var. annuum

Family

Solanaceae

Botanical Name

CAPSICUM annuum var. annuum

Plant Common Name

Cayenne Pepper, Jalapeño Pepper, Ornamental Pepper, Serrano Pepper

General Description

Native to tropical America, these annuals or short-lived perennials are increasingly prized for their vibrantly flavored and colored fruits. The fruits are preceded by inconspicuous green, white, yellowish, or purplish flowers. Peppers flower and fruit from late spring into fall in areas with cold winters, and year round where winters are warm. Numerous cultivars have been selected for their taste, color, growth habit, or other characteristics.

Fertile, well drained soil, full sun, and warmth are required for good growth. Use peppers in the vegetable garden or as bedding or container plants.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    6"-60" / 15.2cm - 152.4cm

  • Width

    12"-36" / 30.5cm - 91.4cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Summer, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Mexico, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Green, Lavender

  • Fruit Color

    White, Yellow, Red, Green, Purple, Orange, Ivory, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No