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CARYA illinoinensis 'Wichita'

Image of Carya illinoinensis 'Wichita' (AMERICAN INDIAN TRIBE SERIES)

Family

Juglandaceae

Botanical Name

CARYA illinoinensis 'Wichita'( AMERICAN INDIAN TRIBE SERIES)

Plant Common Name

Papershell Pecan, Wichita Pecan

General Description

Although primarily known for its sweet nuts, this large deciduous tree from central North America also has ornamental virtues such as attractive compound leaves and a straight, furrowed, reddish brown trunk. One of the most successful and widely planted pecans in the Southwest U.S., 'Wichita' bears prolific midseason crops at a relatively young age. It performs well in the South-Central and Southwest U.S., but has done poorly in the Southeast.

Pecan likes full sun and acid, well drained soil. Transplanting can be difficult because of its long taproot. 'Wichita' is a late-pollen (type 2) cultivar; plant it with an early-pollen (type 1) cultivar for highest yields. Use as a crop or shade tree.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2b, 3a, 3b, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 18, 19, 20

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    70'-100' / 21.3m - 30.5m

  • Width

    40'-75' / 12.2m - 22.9m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Southeastern United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Mexico

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Green

  • Fruit Color

    Tan, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Sienna

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Fruit / Fruit Tree, Shade Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No