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CATTLEYA lueddemanniana

Image of Cattleya lueddemanniana

Michael Charters, www.calflora.net

Family

Orchidaceae

Botanical Name

CATTLEYA lueddemanniana

Plant Common Name

Cattleya, Corsage Orchid, Lüddemann's Corsage Orchid

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Springtime heralds showy, large fuchsia-lavender flowers of Cattleya lueddemanniana, a beautifully-shaped orchid of the northern coast and mountain slopes of Venezuela. An epiphytic (growing on another plant) tender perennial, L├╝ddenmann's corsage orchid will form a lush, dense cluster upon a tree branch, wood/wire basket or weighted pot in frost-free gardens. There are white-flowering and more blue-violet colored forms of this species, and those that grow in the montane regions are smaller in all their parts (some botanists have classified these Larense types as a separate species).

One oblong, stiff, leathery light green leaf grows from the tip of each slender pseudobulb. The new growth starts in late winter and then culminates in mid- or late spring with the large blossoms. Each fragrant, ruffled bloom is a violet-tinted fuchsia with a ruffled violet and yellow lip. This specialized flower is pollinated by a specifically sized insect that fits inside the lip. After flowering the plant continues with a second growth spurt.

Grow L├╝ddenmann's corsage orchid in nearly full sun to very bright partial shade. It is especially tolerant of hot, humid tropical climates with warm evenings. No soil can be used; rather the plant can be supported in a coarse bark or charcoal media that allows water to freely drain. High humidity, excellent air circulation, and frequent rainfall in the warmth of spring through fall is ideal; allow the plant to be slightly drier and receive more light in the winter. Leaves may scorch in hot afternoon sun, especially with low ambient humidity. Leaves also become overly yellow-green when light is too intense. Lack of sunlight may prevent flowering.

Use the cut flowers for leis, hair decals, table garnishes or floral arrangements. Consider repotting this orchid only if it is greatly rootbound, and then only after it finishes flowering.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 9

  • Plant Type

    Epiphyte

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Native To

    World/Pandemic

Growing Conditions

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Houseplant, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No