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CEDRUS deodara

Image of Cedrus deodara

Jessie Keith

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

CEDRUS deodara

Plant Common Name

Deodar Cedar

General Description

Deodar cedar is among the world’s most elegant and stately of evergreen conifers. This western Himalayan native tree has fast growth and develops a broad, pyramidal habit. Its dense branches are covered in green to blue-green needles. The branch tips often dangle softly downward, giving the entire tree a soft and luxurious feel. With time, the trunks and branches become very picturesque, especially when viewed from under the canopy. The female cones are held upright on the upper tree branches and are large, egg-shaped and purple-green, while the smaller male cones are elongate and shed copious amounts of yellow pollen in spring.

This large tree and must have full sun and ample room to attain its fullest and most beautiful growth. Deodar cedar is extremely adaptable, growing well on a wide range of soil pH and types although it will not tolerate soggy soils.

There are many fine selections including The cultivar ‘Shalimar’ is a proven cold-hardy selection (into USDA zone 6) with terrific blue-green needle coloration, ‘Aurea’ has yellow-hued needles when trees are young, and ‘Cream Puff’ is a tall shrubby specimen with cream-colored needles. Finally, ‘Pendula’ ('Prostrata') has a pleasing weeping form. All are well-suited as specimen trees for the landscape.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 7

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    50'-150' / 15.2m - 45.7m (60)

  • Width

    25'-40' / 7.6m - 12.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Southern Asia, India, Nepal

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Flower Color

    Light Green

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Plum, Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Blue Green, Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Black

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes