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CEDRUS libani

Image of Cedrus libani

Mary S. Thomas

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

CEDRUS libani

Plant Common Name

Cedar of Lebanon

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Among the world’s most stately of evergreen conifers, cedar of Lebanon carries much historical and religious regard. This eastern Mediterranean native tree, from Turkey to Lebanon, has slow growth and eventually develops a broad, spreading and beautifully imposing habit. When younger it is more pyramidal in shape with brighter green foliage. Its horizonatal branches are covered in gray-green to dark green needles when older. With time, the trunks and branches become very picturesque, especially when viewed from under the canopy, being fissured and brown to black in tone. The female cones are held upright on the tree branches and are large, egg-shaped and ripen to dull green to brown, while the smaller male cones are elongate and shed copious amounts of gold-tan pollen in spring.

This large tree should have full sun and ample room to attain its fullest and most beautiful growth. Cedar of Lebanon is extremely adaptable, growing well on a wide range of soil pH and types although it will not tolerate soggy soils. This is regarded as the most cold hardy of the true cedars, perhaps even good in warmer parts of USDA zone 4 if the natural variety stenocoma is used. Use it as a majestic, fatherly specimen tree for park or campus lawn.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 3

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    80'-100' / 24.4m - 30.5m

  • Width

    50'-85' / 15.2m - 25.9m

  • Native To

    Mediterranean, Turkey, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green, Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Black

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No